Multan City Information
Multan is the main city of Southern Central Punjab province. The city has an access through thirteen gates, whose imposing structures are still preserved. Multan has always enjoyed a great importance in the past. Multan is known to be the oldest living city and even became the abode of Sufism in South East Asia. Today, Multan is a combination of the old and new Pakistan culture. There is a big hustle-bustle in the Old town and comfort of a five star hotel and sound streets in the New city. There are many historic, cultural and recreational places of interest in Multan.
The old and new Multan
The Old city has a very interesting bazaar full of local handicrafts and many elaborately decorated Shrines of the Sufi saints. The numerous shrines within the old city offer impressive examples of workmanship and architecture. These shrines are the foremost attractions for tourists. Large, irregular suburbs have grown outside the old walled-town, apart from this, two satellite towns have also been set up. The new Multan is a commercial and industrial center.
Shrines, Forts and Mosques
The Shams-e-Tabriz shrine is built almost entirely of sky-blue engravings with glazed bricks. The shrine of Shah Rukn-e Alam (Tughlaq period) has one of the biggest domes in Asia while the shrine of Sheikh Yousuf Gardez is considered to be a masterpiece of the Multani style. Other shrines may include the Pahladpuri Temple and the Idgah Mosque (1735). Multan Fort is located on a mound separating it from the city by the river Ravi. Its date cannot be fixed with accuracy. This massive 6,600 ft. tall structure has 46 bastions. it has four gates i.e., Delhi Gate, Khizri Gate, Sikhi Gate and Rehri Gate. The famous Qasim Bagh and a stadium are located within the walls of the fort. Tourists can have a panoramic view of Multan from the highest point in the fort. Some of the famous mosques of Multan are Wali Mohammad Mosque in Chowk Bazar built by Ali Muhammad Khakwani in 1758 A.D., Baqarabadi Mosque built by Baqar Khan in 1720 A.D., Mosque Phulhatt in Chowk Bazar built by Emperor Farrukh Siyar, and the beautiful Eidgah Mosque built by Nawab Abdul Samad Khan in 1735 A.D.
Handicrafts and Bazaars
Tourists can buy various types of souvenirs, such as Multani Khussa (shoes), embroidery work, thread and ‘Aar’ work costumes for ladies, embroidered cloths cholas or kurtas for men, painted and glazed earthen pottery. Camel skin products, carpets and lacquered wooden products etc. are available in the narrow colourful bazaars. In the bazaars of the Old City one can still come across tiny shops where craftsmen can be seen busily turning out master-pieces in copper, brass, silver and textiles in traditional fashion.
Multan is an extremely old city, which has seen a lot of warfare, because of its Location on a major invasion route of India from Central Asia. The history of Multan dates back to the time of Alexander the Great. It is believed to be the same city as Maii-us-than where Alexander’s forces stormed the citadel after seeing their king injured and unconscious on the field of battle. In the mid 5th century, the city was attacked by a group of nomads led by Torman. These nomads were successful in taking the city, but did not stay, and the long-standing Hindu rule over the city was reestablished. In the 7th century, Multan had its first experience with Muslim armies. Armies led by Mohalib launched numerous raids from Persia into India. However, they did not come to conquer, and seemed only to be exploring the area. However, only a few decades later, Muhammad bin Qasim would come on behalf of the Arabs, and take Multan along with Sind. The city at that time was known as the “city of gold” and numerous historians have written about an extremely large Hindu temple that housed over 6,000 people within it, known as the Sun Mandir. Following bin Qasim’s conquest, the city was securely under Muslim rule, although it was in effect an independent state. With the turn of the millennium, the city was attacked twice by Mahmood of Ghazni who destroyed the Sun Mandir, but he did not stay. After Muhammad Ghori’s victories in India, and his establishment of a capital in Delhi, Multan was made a part of his empire. However, the rise of the Mongols would again give it some independence, albeit requiring it to be vigilant against Mongol raids from Central Asia. Under the Mughal Empire, Multan enjoyed over 200 years of peace, and became known as Dar-ul-Aman (Abode of Peace). A lot of buildings were constructed in this time, and agricultural production grew rapidly. The decline of the Mughal Empire was not as devastating for Multan as it was for other cities. The city escaped the destruction brought upon India by the armies of Nadir Shah, but it was ruled from Kabul by numerous Afghan dynasties for a while. In the 19th century, the Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh conquered Multan. Sikh rule would not last long, as the British were eventually provoked into checking the Sikh strength in Punjab. After a long and bloody battle, Multan was made part of the British Raj. This also signalled a decline in the city. The British built some railways to the city, but its industrial capacity was never developed. Upon Pakistan’s independence in 1947, Multan was in a very bad state. It was lacking industry, hospitals, and even places of higher education. Since then, there has been some industrial growth, and the city’s population is continually growing. But the old city continues to be in a dilapidated state, and many monuments wear the effects of the warfare that has visited the city.
Sohan hallway is a sweet delight that was exclusively originated from Multan and counted as one of the major specialties of Multan. People from different cities specially take back Multan sohan hallway when visiting Multan.
Multan is blessed with such a geographical location that its soil has some miraculous powers. It is used worldwide as facial mask for facial beauty and fresher skin. It has also got some healing powers which is good for skin infections, acne and spots.
Multani blue tiles are used in many constructions for decoration are also exclusive of Multan. They are even found in construction done hundreds of years ago. Multani Blue Pottery is another exclusive of Multan. The blue and beautiful pottery is the unique gift of Multan and is considered to be the best souvenir of Multan.
Handicrafts are always amazing as they depict the cultural heritage and the creativity of the Pakistani nation. Multani handicrafts are famous all over Pakistan due to its uniqueness, creativity and fine work. Locals residing their bring down the creativity of their mind to their magical hands that end up in creating a breathtaking masterpiece. Multani hand embroidery is unique and famous all over the world, exclusive of Multan.Camel Skin lamps and decoration pieces of Multan are known for their delicate beauty.
Multan is blessed with best summer fruits which contains best breed of mangoes, falsa, a fruit extensively used in summers as juice, and many others. In addition to mangoes in summers, multan also produces best oranges in winters.